The Potala Palace was built in the seventh century and the 5th Dalai Lama expanded the
construction in 1645, the second year of Shunzhi reign of the Qing Dynasty. And it came to
the present size after successive expansion.
The Potala Palace is the place for the residence of Dalai Lama, the head of Tibetan Buddhism
and was also once the religious and political center of Tibet in the Qing Dynasty. It is located on
the Potala Mountain west of the ancient city of Lhasa in Tibet. The main part of the Potala Palace
is built on the mountain and about 117 meters high together with mountain base. It seems that
the palace pops up from the mountain, stabbing into the blue sky on the plateau. The whole
constructions of Potala Palace have an area of more than one hundred thousand square meters.
The scene of the Potala Palace has an extraordinary artistic appeal.
The architectures of the Potala Palace include the Palace-Room area, the Palace-city area and
the lake area behind the mountain. The Palace-Room area is on the top of the mountain. It is a
large group of buildings, which include the Red Palace and The White Palace as its main part.
The Red Palace is used for religion activities and contains the tomb stupas of the Dalai Lamas
of previous generations. The White Palace is used to provide political and religious service for
the Dalai Lama. The scripture chapels for religious activity are in the south of the Red Palace
and the White Palace.
The Potala Palace is called a museum of architectural art of Buddhist art and also the evidence
of Chinese national unity. It has great historical and religious significance.
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